Representation (in the context of contract law)

A statement of fact, oral or in writing, made by one party to another, before or at the time of entering into a contract, of some matter or circumstance relating to it.

A promise made as a representation to induce the other party to enter into the contract must be carried out to a substantial degree, and if the representation is a statement of fact it must be substantially true.

In contrast to a condition, a representation is something outside the contract. Nevertheless, if a representation is material to the contract and is acted upon by the representee, the representor may be legally liable for it. A representation that is false is a misrepresentation.